Female Teachers in Somalia: challenges and avenues for opportunities

This post is a part of an ongoing research study carried out by The Somali Institute for Development and Research Analysis (SIDRA) based in Garowe.


Globally, increasing the number of female teachers in schools is often cited as a major strategy for promoting girls’ education, especially in developing countries.

However in Somalia, the lack of maternity leave and breastfeeding hours, sexism and gender discrimination at the work space, low pay relative to other trained professions, lack of training, low public perception of the ability for female teachers to teach well make it difficult to fill and maintain teaching positions.


Recruiting and retaining female teachers in Somalia presents a unique set of challenges; under-representation of women in leadership positions, safety concerns, patriarchal family relations that make relocation difficult, unbalanced family responsibilities for women that make outside or additional employment challenging. Perhaps one of the biggest challenges female teachers face has to do with stereotypes. The education sector in Puntland is dominated by men. The reality is that many schools in Puntland have relatively few females in the teaching force. For example, there is not a single female Head Teacher in any of the schools and there are also very few secondary school teachers. School management is run entirely by males only. This is impacting on the quality of female students in classrooms.

Why are female teachers so important in Somalia?

The findings of this research show that female teachers in schools in Somalia lead to a significant higher enrollment and retention rates for girls. Female teachers make a difference in girls’ education. The presence of female teachers in class rooms and in schools allow Somali girls to have more positive educational experiences, and even mitigate cultural and social barriers that keep girls out of school. Girls reported that having more positive female role models in school would more likely make them stay in school. One way that females make a difference for girls is in their ability to act as role models. School girls face biases in the classroom and often lack female teachers as role models. Female teachers are less likely to have gender biases against girls.


The report gives recommendations at policy, at practice level, at ministerial level, at school management and at civil society level.

It tries to find answers for questions such as;

What is the situation for female teachers in Somalia?

What are they teaching? Where? How long?

What are the biggest challenges female teachers faces in Somalia?

What are avenues for opportunities/strategic interventions?

What measures have the Ministry of Education undertaken to deal with the issue?

What interventions are working and what is not working and why?

What are female teachers themselves saying? How are they organizing themselves to affect change?

What measure have female teachers taken to address the issues affecting them?

Sahro Ahmed Koshin

Deputy Executive Director & Programs Manager 

The Somali Institute for Development and Research Analysis (SIDRA)
Email: sahro@sidrainstitute.org
Telephone: +252-90-7795746
Website: http://www.sidrainstitute.org/
Twitter: Sidra Institute
Facebook: Somali Institute for Development and Research (SIDRA)

Skype: sahroahmed 

SIDRA LinkedIn Page


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